LD02 - User's Guide

This is the user's guide or operating manual for the LD02 display. Because LD02 is field re-programmable, from time to time this document will be update with information on the latest features.

The LD02 main page is here.

The major elements of the LD02 display are shown at right. The press-buttons on the right side are called the top and bottom buttons. The four characters of 7-segment display are called the digits, and the 20 element array of bars is called the bargraph. The small oval window immediately to the left of the digits allows light to fall on an LDR (Light Dependant Resistor) which senses the ambient light intensity.

The most common problem users experience is the nd, or no data, display as shown at left. It's caused when LD02 doesn't see data from LD02. The solution is described below.

Default Screens & Button Operation

The following information relates to LD02 firmware version 0123 or above. In the descriptions of the various displays, screen names are shown in bold blue. Note: after re-configuration, some of the default behaviour detailed below may change. The default screen is the display last saved, and is initially the AFR display.

Immediately after power is applied to LD02 the Tech edge logo screen appears. This lasts for two to three seconds, during which time the display brightness may change to suit the ambient light conditions.

If the top button is held down during the application of power, after approximately one second the tE screen will change to show the current firmware's version number (0123 in this example), and LD02 enters config mode which is further described below.

Subsequently, if the default display is either Lambda or AFR, and normal WBo2 operating conditions apply, the LD02 display will change from tE to the sensor heating in progress display. Depending on external conditions, this phase normally lasts 20 to 30 seconds. Other conditions, possibly error indications, may also be displayed briefly.

After heating, the display will show the default screen which is normally the AFR display shown here. The default screen can be changed as described below. The bargraph will move left for richer mixtures, and right for leaner mixtures. At the extreme left or right the bar will change to

When the AFR (or Lambda) is richer or leaner than the programmed values, either of the two rich or LEAn limit indications is displayed.

Pressing the top button cycles through the four possible display screens which are numbered 0 through 3. While the top button is depressed, The number of the screen that will be shown next is displayed in the left digit position - as shown at right.

Releasing the top button shows the currently selected screen. The default screens cycled through are
0 = AFR,     1 = Lambda,     2 = User 1,     3 = RPM

It's possible to change the default screen so this screen is presented each time LD02 is powered up. First, select the screen you want to be displayed by cycling through the displays, then press and hold down the top button for at least 4 seconds. One of the 4 possible screens at left will show, for as long as the button remains depressed. It indicates the screen number programmed as the default screen. Note: the next screen number is displayed during the 4 second wait until the default screen number is programmed, ignore this!

Status, Warning & Error Screens

When there's no communications between LD02 and WBo2, the nd or No Data screen is shown. This screen will only be seen when LD02 is expecting frame data to display but none is sent. WBo2 may not be connected, or WBo2 has been set up to generate the wrong type of data frames - this can occur if an old revision of the calibration utility is used that doesn't correctly reset WBo2's frame generation (or logging) mode to version 2.0 binary. One simple cure is to issue the s03e1 and the w commands.

Among the conditions that can occur during sensor warmup are high (H bH) or low (H bL) battery voltage. Both conditions will cause WBo2 to switch off the sensor's heater to prevent damage. Running with the heater off, but exposed to exhaust gas, will cause soot build-up and eventually sensor failure.

Other heater faults that are detected by WBo2 include :

  • H ho = heater not connected or sensor is open circuit
  • H hS = cable or sensor heater is Shorted to GND.
  • H hF = the FET heater circuitry is faulty.

PID Unlock Status - The Status Dot

PID Status - The right-most decimal point on LD02 is called the status dot. Status information is continually produced by all WBo2 units. The condition of the sensor's Wideband and heater control software and hardware (including the sensor itself) is called its PID status. When WBo2's PIDs operate outside their intended range we call the condition PID unlock. From LD02 firmware revision 0130, LD02 shows both heater and wideband PID unlock status indications. Other WBo2 documentation may refer to this condition as a PID error but it is important to note it's normally associated with a condition the WBo2 unit has no control over.

  • The Heater PID unlock is indicated by a SINGLE flash of the Status Dot. It can be caused by very rapid changes in heating or cooling of the sensor, and in some circumstances it may indicate a WB02 hardware error, a faulty cable (overheated cables can short internally), or sensor.

  • The Wideband PID unlock is indicated by a DOUBLE flash of the Status Dot. It can be caused by rapid changes in the ambient air-fuel ratio (may occur under very rapid changes in throttle position). An aging sensor will gradually respond more slowly to WBo2 control signals and can produce this indication too.

A PID unlock is not necessarily an error, but if a PID unlock condition occurs regularly without an explanation then it should be investigated.

Logging (Bottom Button) Operation

The bottom, or logging button, controls the on-board logging operation of WBo2 control units that support this feature. Giving this button a short press commands the WBo2 unit to start on-board logging. While the button is pressed, and for a short time afterwards, the text L on is displayed. While logging is enabled, the right-most decimal point of the 4 digit display flashes at about twice a second. Pressing the button again turns on-board logging off and also briefly displays LoFF.

Pressing the logging button for around 4 seconds will display Lclr and the on-board logging memory will be cleared (for WBo2 units that support on-board logging).

Config Mode & the Reprogramming Interface Adapter

LD02 can be field upgraded with new firmware, and its display modes re-configured, using the LD02 interface adapter (*) shown at left. How the adapter is physically connected both to LD02, a PC, and source of power is shown at right. Power is obtained from WBo2's two pin power cable, or a 12 volt power supply is used. Click on either of the images for an enlarged popup, or for the programming adapter's schematic here. Note (*) see here for info on the old interface adapter.

The FLASH.exe program can be used to update LD02's firmware.

The CONF.exe program will soon provide support for LD02, and is used to change LD02's default behaviour and the display functions.

Config mode on LD02 is entered by holding the top button down ONLY while power is being applied to the display. Each time LD02 is power OFF, it will come back up in normal mode unless it sees the button depressed during its power up cycle.

Configuring LD02

This section will be updated when the PC based configuration options (in the CONF.exe program) for LD02 are completed.

Note: this document is subject to updates ....